Research article


Prashali Shinde1*, Gurdeep Singh1 PhD, Mohini Salunke 2, Balaji Wakure 2 PhD

Online First: November 15, 2022

The primary goal of the research is to investigate the phytochemicals and antioxidant activities of Euphorbia pulcherrima extract in various solvents. E. pulcherrima leaves were extracted using a variety of solvents, including water, ethanol, and petroleum ether. The results of the phytochemical analysis of E. pulcherrima indicate that the petroleum ether and ethanol extracts contain steroid, alkaloid, terpene, glycoside, phenol, tannin, saponin, flavonoid, and amino acid compounds. The DPPH activity varies from 56.21±0.10 to 86.10±0.15. When compared to aqueous extract, the FRAP in petroleum ether and ethanol extract is significant and is 0.80 ± 0.15 mg/g and 0.77 ± 0.10 mg/g, respectively. The anti-oxidant activity of the ethanol extract was (79.85 ± 0.002 mg/g), while the petroleum ether showed a high total anti-oxidant capacity (90.75 ± 0.10 mg/g). Petroleum ether extract had a total phenolic concentration of 3.85 ± 0.15 mg/g, while ethanol extract had a total phenolic value of 2.65± 0.10 mg/g. The results imply that all the extracts possess antioxidant qualities. The petroleum ether extract has greater antioxidant potential than the ethanol and aqueous extracts, which may be helpful for the future development of pharmaceutical, food supplement, and therapeutic goods.


Euphorbia pulcherrima, Phytochemicals, DPPH, FRAP, TAC, TPC.