Research article

Transplanting wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) ecosystem under organic condition a new paradigm of crop establishment

Narinder Panotra, Vikas Sharma, Jyoti Sharma, Bhat MIJ, Romesh Kumar Salgotra

Online First: November 08, 2022

Transplanting ecosystem of wheat crop under organic conditions has received attention in enhancing productivity and production. A field experiment was conducted during the rabi seasons of 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20 under organic conditions to study the response of wheat cultivars of transplanted organic wheat crop on growth and productivity. The experiment comprised of transplanted ecosystem of wheat and conventional method under two different age old seedlings sown at i,e. 20 & 30 days. The increase in yield from transplanting was due to increase in morphological traits such as the plant heights and number of tillers per square meter. Further, under transplanted ecosystem the cultivars, JAUW 584 recorded the highest grain yield, straw yield and harvest index. Besides, different phenological stages of wheat variety JAUW 584 occurred earlier in transplanted ecosystem under organic condition. Among the different age-old seedling, it was reported that 20 days old seedlings performed better at different phonological stages and recorded significantly higher grain yield (43.80q/ha), straw yield, biological yield and harvest index. In the study it has been envisaged that the transplanted wheat ecosystem not only gave higher yield but also reduced the phenological stages which can be best fit in rice-wheat ecosystem.


Organic farming; transplanting wheat; age of seedlings; phenological traits