Research article


Manisha Sengar1, Raj Kumar2, Kiran Bala3, Zakkia Masrror4 and B. Hareramadas*5

Online First: December 31, 2022

Since humans first began raising plants and animals for food, pests have been a constant problem. Farmers have tried a variety of approaches to dealing with these pests throughout the years, with varied degrees of success. Commercial insecticides, on the other hand, revolutionized pest control in the 20th century. Pesticides of the 21st century have significantly reduced agricultural and livestock losses. One of its primary functions is to help farmers maximize their profits while simultaneously enhancing human health and environmental conditions. Due to recent advancements in agricultural technology, modern communication means, shifting consumer trends, growing awareness of sustainably produced food systems, as well as worldwide trade and travel, the IPM paradigm has become necessary in today's times. Host-plant resistance, natural plant products, biopesticides, natural enemies, and agronomic practices are all key components of integrated pest management (IPM) research. Crop cultivars with resistance to key insect pests and illnesses are also being developed using modern biotechnological technologies, such as marker assisted selection, genetic editing, and broad hybridization.


IPM, Pest, Integrated, Crop, Productivity