Research article


Taif Muthher Muslem* and Hiba Riyadh AL-Abodi

Online First: January 20, 2023

Soil microbiology play a signigivcant part in the biochemical cycling of element in the biosphere, where critical element such as carbon, nitrogen and iron undergo chemical transformations. Several significant fungi may be found in soil. The presence and abundance of fungi in the soil are determined by the soil texture, nutrients, pH. We chose to investigate which region is high biodiversity are productive and diversified in terms of microbiology. Three site were inviestigate in the city of Al-Diwaniyah (S1) Norton city, (S2) the center city and (S3) the south city. The result shoewed three types of soil (sandy clay, clay and sandy lomia) Soil texture was determined by the hydrometer method. The pH value of the soils ranges between (7.6-8.3). The percentage of sodium, potassium, sulfate, nitrogen, bicarbonate, carbonate and total organic matter of the soil was measured. The highest rate of TOC was in S1(54.07 ± 5.74), the highest rate of Na was in theS3(5190.32 ± 431.76). The most rate potassium was in theS2 (2705.88 ± 260.63). the highest rate So4 was in the S1(5484.78 ±1006.44), the maximum rate N was in the S1(1107.67± 21.55), while Hco3 was in the S2(748.33 ± 85.23). The analysis of physical, chemical and biological variables showed statistically significant differences between them, the study of the three regions, and the difference in the number of fungi according to the abundance or lack of nutrients. The highest level of fungi was found in sandy clay soils, and the lowest level of abundance of fungi was in loam sandy soils. The highest Presence of fungi of fungi was in the (S1),and the most abundant were Alternair alternate in three sites.


soil fungi, Alternair alternate, yeast, Al- Diwaniyah city, Candida albicans