Research article


Iftikhar Qasim Mohammed and Aqeel Adnan Alyousuf *

Online First: December 21, 2022

Intercropping system is an important cultural practice in IPM that is established on the concept of reducing insect pest’s population by enhancing the ecosystem biodiversity. A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the intercropping system of Cabbage in enhancing the exciting of natural enemies and pollinators. The population density and seasonal presence of predators and parasitoids in the intercropping systems of cabbage were estimated using sticky traps at Al-Zubair site, province of Basrah during the growing season of 2020/2021. The presence of a number of predators Orius spp (Anthocoridae: Hemiptera) and Hippodamia sp., and Thtthaspis sedecimpuncata Linnaeus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), green lacewing, Chrysopa pallens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), Rove beetles, Amazoncharis sp (Staphylinidae: Coleoptera) and spider (Araneae). A number of parasitoid such as Orthopelma sp., Campoplex sp (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), Eurytoma sp (Eurytomidae: Hymenoptera) and Plectiscidea fuscifemur (Hymenoptera: Orthrocentrinae), Aphidius sp (Hymenoptera; Aphididae) and Pnigalio sp. (Eulophidae: Hymenoptera) and Bitomus sp. (Hymenoptera:Braconidae). The study indicated to presence of pollinators (flower fly) Eupeodes corolla and Sphaerophoria scripta (Diptera: Syrphidae), green bottle fly Lucilia Caesar and L. Sericata (Deptera: Calliphoridae). The population of the predators, parasitoids and pollinators increased in cabbage intercropped with Alfalfa, broad bean and onion crops compared to the monoculture system. The values of the diversity index were calculated based on the Shannon-Wiener diversity index for the biodiversity of natural enemies and pollinators; the highest values were 2.5 and 2.4 in the intercropping systems (3 cabbage: 1 onion) and (3 cabbage: 1 Alfalfa) respectively, while the lowest value of the index was 1.8 in the treatment (2 cabbage: 1 broad bean) compared to 2.3 in monoculture. The study concluded that the intercropping systems provided a great potential to maintain the population of natural enemies. Thus, the intercropping system can be relied on to be one of the integrated pest management methods.


biodiversity, cabbage fields, intercropping system